Global Critical Reasoning Accelerating
the Pace of Education Reform
  A steady development of a country is
always accompanied with a dramatic growth of its education. Japan presents a perfect
example of the developed country with small territory and limited resources but
tremendous economic success, which greatly attributes to the high rate of
educational expenditures to national income. Yet, as people pursue a better
educational reform for their countries, unsurprisingly they confront with
diverse tough educational issues, such as inequality of access and quality, and
school violence. In pursuit of efficient solutions to our educational problems,
critical thinking greatly contributes to our true understanding of
circumstances and their causes by encouraging us to develop questions and
examine arguments. However, because the critical reasoning towards national
situations braves the challenges of global perspectives, people might still end
up missing the larger picture without considering more universal approaches. In
order to overcome the weakness of narrow ideas, people have to accommodate new
information and rethink their reasoning as descending upon international
stories from different societies. Thus, a global perspective reinforces the
importance of critical thinking towards our educational issues and fosters us
to propose feasible solutions because it not only provides a more comprehensive
truth and but also reshapes
what people are thinking.
  Critical reasoning towards our
educational issues usually improves people’s ability to understand the truth,
because it greatly prevents people from false logic and dependence on
authorities.Some people argue that
educational inequality derives from economic inequality and call for equal
funds from the government. However, from a critical
thinking, a question which might be raised, is that even if the
government gives funds to all poor kids in order to guarantee their access to
schools, have their poor kids’ future been ensured in a way? Unfortunately, the
situation is much more complex. Because the facts that their parents did not
attend the college and they cannot have tutoring at home like rich children
remain unchanged. To strength the point,
education is not just the educational issue, either. This can be seen through
an assumption that if we put poor children into the best school with sufficient
resources and experienced teachers, those poor children perhaps do not even
know what questions to ask. Hence, their backgrounds limit their steps through
many aspects, which complexes the whole situation a lot. Similarly, when the
government set up standardized tests as gate of most institutions, people
should realize that this measurement of students’ ability through testing score
is not that valid because a student with great score on SAT might have a
difficulty on making a budget; a student without a decent score might be
amazingly good at social networks. Although it is true that the government has
gone a long way to current educational system, their devoted efforts should not
stop us questioning the efficiency of policies. Therefore, the careful
reasoning can protect people from logical fallacies and push us forward into
the truth.
   To
take a step further, a global perspective reshapes what people think by
fostering them to become open and critical thinkers because it provides a more
comprehensive picture of educational issues. It is well-known that diverse
academic rewards exist for inspiring students and professors to pursue
scholarly contributions and maximize their academic potentials. For example,
almost all Nobel Prize winners cannot deny the motivation lied behind generous
amount of rewards and unmeasurable reputation. Meanwhile, most people support
these forms of incentives because increasing people
want
to accomplish excellent academic jobs, contributing to make our world a better
place. However, when it comes to China, many prestigious professors and
academic leaders are focusing on building up good relationships with state
officials who control the officials’ academic appraisals, but not on their
research work (Su). This global observation might lead people to carefully
reflect the effect of rewards system. In the questioning of the causes of this
situation in China, those professors with indecent behavior were not the only
group blamed, but also assessment departments where few discreet evaluations
conducted. Hence, people might doubt that any similar incident also has occurred
in the U.S. because of the flaws of rewards system. In this way, people learn
to be critical even in front of content circumstances as open to other
contrasting cases. Also, a global prospective helps people gain a comparatively
broad picture of the same issue so that they reshape their thoughts.
  However, global learning does not
guarantee success because critical thinking warns people that no model is
necessarily perfect; systems cannot be simply implemented without considering
diverse contexts. As truth revealed, unequal paces of educational growth
provide the opportunity for the countries left behind to catch up with
developed countries with comparatively sufficient experience in education
reform. China, for example, is confronting many educational issues with the
burst of widespread educational awareness. The trend of exam-oriented
educational system sweeps most cities and towns and the oppressive top-down
educational standards of test performance are influencing tens of millions of
students and teachers. Meanwhile, the infusion of critical thinking towards
western education system is bringing a new concept of “openness and innovation”
to Chinese people. With the increasing of exchange programs and visiting
scholars, more Chinese are gradually changing their academic attitudes to a
more practical and creative direction through this global vision. Especially
when it comes to the elective courses system, it is exciting for Chinese
students when this system was introduced into many mainland cities. Luckily,
the accomplishment has continued to today because not only do students have
opportunities to explore their interest through elective classes but also they
start to rethink their purpose of studying by themselves. Even so, this global
approach does not mean that Chinese should entirely adopt the western
educational system. According to the academic report, in Shanghai, the average
15-yearold mathematics
student is performing at a level two or three years above his or her
counterpart in USA, and Europe (Phung). At the same time, this implies that
Chinese students are taking intensive academic burden both physically and
mentally. But this concern will not simply lead Chinese government to rewrite
the policy and set high school students free from complicated calculus. To take
a step back, even though Chinese people are interested in western educational
system, people in western world are not regarding it as perfect. Overall,
critical concerns remind people that global approaches do not always have a happy
ending.
  Although global visions might not
directly help solve the educational issues due to the coexistence of similar
problems, a global significance has been reinforced through finding common
grounds. In the wake of frequent tragic incidents on a global scale, school
violence is widely held to have become a more serious problem in the past
decade than in previous years. On December 14, 2012, Adam Lanza, a 20-year-old
guy killed her mom at home and shot 20 youth and six adults at the Sandy Hook
Elementary School in Newtown (Warner). On April 16, 2013, in Fudan University,
one Chinese 2010 graduate student was poisoned by his roommate Lin to death
(Ricky). These two incidents seem unrelated, which leads some people to state
that this global comparison is meaningless. But while people criticize both
issues, they find out the common grounds of causes, which is the lack of moral
education and spiritual care to young people. Despite the distinct backgrounds
including academic achievements and
family relationships, there is no reason to give an exception for students to
commit murders. Unfortunately, the murder on campus is often uncontrolled
though it is rare. The international prospective cannot predict and stop what
will happen in another country. For instance, the Sandy Hook Elementary School
shooting does not make a difference on Lin’s motives and actions. But the
global awareness of school violence is raised and help educate people to
emphasize the efforts of moral education and promote a safe environment for
students. Thus, by analyzing common causes of different incidents globally,
people can learn the lesson of tragedy from other countries.
  When people become critical towards
current issues, importantly they should step back to see a bigger picture in
order to ensure a far-reaching educational reform. During the past decade,
successful implementations of imported educational systems have proved that an
international vision can speed up paces of reform by careful adoptions based on
various contents. Though not all situations provide the most appropriate
alternative, the larger echo can push central issue forward and lead people to
better solutions. Since developing a more mature higher education system is
every society’s responsibility to its citizens, now its duty is also aims to
help other countries reflect and modify their own educational manners. In an
attempt to spread this consciousness and entrenching their roles, governments
should become more open and critical as addressing educational issues. By doing
so, more young people gain experience in more resourceful schools, more
professors attempt to pursue higher studies, more parents value moral education
and their roles in children, more societies are able to create a safer and more
equal environment.




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