please see attachmentsDefining Cyber Terrorism and Its Emerging Threat to Society

First, begin by watching the following video:

What is cyberterrorism?

For your main post, answer this question: Based off the definitions of terrorism and cyber terrorism, do you think cyber terrorism exists? When do you think hacking, and other cybercrimes cross the line to be called cyber terrorism? What do you see as the emerging cyber terrorism threats to end users and our society?


· Your main post should use APA format.


You may review the rubric by clicking

here. – Alternative Formats

You may review a sample discussion board post by clicking

here. – Alternative Formats



image.gifSample Discussion Board Post for Criminal Justice
Submitted by Melissia Anderson

Effective writing is so important to criminal justice professionals for many reasons. According to
Wallace and Roberson (2009), it is estimated that we use 70% of our time communicating. This may be
accomplished either verbally or in writing. A verbal communication is considered less formal, while a
written statement is lasting and given more significance. Because written statements are permanent,
they are assessed as more significant. A report filed by a law enforcement agent can be used for the
prosecution or defense of a defendant in a court of law. Inaccuracies in a written report can result in the
failure to convict an individual of a crime. The legal ramifications of unclear or imprecise writing can be
substantial. An officer must be able to explain the reasons a report is written and filed. They must be
able to defend errors in their reports. Under oath, they will have to testify from the contents of the
report. Criminal justice professionals must be able to not only file written reports, but to draft narratives
that are comprehensible and logical for others to grasp (Wallace & Roberson, 2009).

Working in Pretrial Services I know that clarity is particularly essential. If our court officers do
not precisely note the judge’s terms or conditions of release, a defendant may inadvertently violate
their release. It could cost the individual their freedom. Many times, the judiciary may be vague when
defining terms of release. In this instance court communications must be sent to distinguish the original
intent from the judge. It wastes valuable time and court resources to clear up ambiguous conditions.

Plagiarism involves stealing another person’s ideas or works and using them as your own.
Sometimes this can be blatant, like copying sentences word for word without using quotation marks. In
other situations, it may be less obvious, such as paraphrasing content from another source but not citing
it. This; however, is still plagiarism because that content originated from someone else’s ideas or
research, not your own. Plagiarism in this instance can be avoided by simply using an in-text citation at
the beginning or the end of the paraphrased content. It is always a good idea to cite a source rather
than chance an allegation of plagiarism (Keiser University, n.d.). Stealing from another can destroy the
credibility of any criminal justice professional. Because they represent the law and courts, law
enforcement agents need to be above reproach.

Word Count: 401


Keiser University. (n.d.). Plagiarism [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from

Wallace, H., & Roberson, C. (2009). Written and interpersonal communication: Methods for law
enforcement (4th ed.). Pearson Education.Homeland Security Discussion Rubric 5/10/2021

Response No Submission
O Points

Emerging (F through
D range)

Satisfactory (C Range)

Proficient (B Range)

Exemplary (A Range)


Quality of
Initial Posting


No Initial

The Information
provided is
inaccurate not
focused on the
assignment topic.
Does not answer the
question fully,
understanding of the
topic and /or

The information
provided is accurate
giving a basic
understanding of the
topic(s) covered.
Despite this basic
understanding, initial
posting may nit
include complete
development of all
aspects of the

The information
provided is accurate,
displaying a good
understanding of the
topic(s) covered.
Initial posting
demonstrates clear
understanding and
addresses most
aspects of the
assignment although
all concepts may not
be fully discussed.

The information
provided is accurate,
providing an in-
depth, well thought-
out understanding of
the topic(s) covered.
The initial post
provides an analysis
of the information
learned from the
course and/or
assigned readings.


No Submission

Emerging (F through
D range)

Satisfactory (C Range)

Proficient B Range Exemplary (A Range


in Discussion


Student did not
submit the

May include one or
more of the
Comments to only
one other student’s
post. Comments are
not substantive, such
as saying “good job”
or comments are off

Comments to two or
more classmates’
initial posts but only
on one day of the
week. Comments are
substantive and
expand on what
another student

Comments to two or
more classmates’
initial posts but only
on one day of the
week. Comments are
substantive and
expand on what
another student

Comments to two or
more classmates’
initial posts and to
the instructors’
comments (if
applicable) on two or
more days.
Demonstrates an
analysis of peer’s
comments, building
on previous posts.

Criteria No Submission
O Points

Emerging (F through
D range)

Satisfactory (C Range)

Proficient (B Range)

Exemplary (A Range)


Homeland Security Discussion Rubric 5/10/2021

Citation Style)


Student did not
submit the

Numerous issues in
any of the following:
mechanics, spelling
use of slang, an
incomplete or
missing citations and

Some spelling,
grammatical, and/or
structural errors are
present. Some errors
in formatting
citations and
references are

Minor to no errors in
grammar, mechanics,
or spelling in the
initial postings are
present in both the
initial post and
comments to others.
Utilizes sources to
include text re

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